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Place and Purpose

Art Transformation in Coconut Grove

On View:
Saturday, May 29, 2021 — Sunday, September 19, 2021


For decades, Coconut Grove has attracted artists, writers, and musicians. The Frost has chosen to tell a story of a moment in the Grove’s rich history through a select group of visual artists. The creative life of the Grove sprang from the vibrant people who chose to create in this Miami neighborhood. It is not a single artist or group of artists but the spirit of a community that has contributed to the Grove’s reputation as a wellspring of creativity.

In Miami, neighborhoods change rapidly, and populations shift and swell like the rising sea level. Place and Purpose: Art Transformation in Coconut Grove celebrates the role of a community as a creative space as well as a key driver behind a young city’s evolution. Coconut Grove established itself in the 1960’s as the local haven for a diverse group of artists, writers, musicians, and art galleries. 

In historic Bahamian West Coconut Grove, the Miami Black Arts Workshop (MBAW) provided a community space for Black artists. Some of the artists represented include Roland Woods, Jr., Robert McKnight, Donald McKnight, Dinizulu Gene Tinnie, and Pamela Kabuya Bowens-Saffo, among others. Community activists, as well as artists, these leaders created a powerful space in Coconut Grove through the MBAW, a venue that welcomed young people to learn about art and activism. 

Coconut Grove was also home to artists like Annette Rawlings, who combined interests in fashion, painting, and ceramics, as well as Owen Lee, a prolific, self-taught artist who worked with paper, tapestries, and sail cloth. Other featured artists include Jack Amoroso, Gigi Aramescu, Linda Blissberger, Ronni Bogaev, Jean Cerasani, Elenora S. Chambers, Janet Corral, Grail Douglas, Laurence Donovan, Klara Farkas, Rick Garcia, Mary Grabill, Charles Humes, Erika King, Lucius H. King, Dina Knapp, Martin Kreloff, Eugene Massin, Juanita May, Neith Nevelson, Lisa Remeny, Ann Sams, Tony Scornavacca, Maxine Shattuck, Sunny Storm, Renée J. Ransom, Freda Coffing Tschumy, Tom Virgin, and George Wrentz.

The Grove’s rich history has contributed to the complex narrative of Miami as a home for myriad cultures and the arts that define and shape our experience of them. Community events such as the Coconut Grove Arts Festival (dating back to 1963), the Goombay Festival (established in 1977), and the King Mango Strut Parade (founded in 1982) became signature events of the Grove that continue today. While most art galleries have long since moved out of the Grove and today’s prohibitive real estate prices discourage artists and musicians from living in the Grove, the neighborhood’s history as an artistic mecca remains its legacy in Miami. 

This exhibition was made possible with generous support from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, the Art Dealers Association of America Foundation, The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, PNC Bank, the Office of Commissioner Ken Russell, the Coconut Grove Business Improvement District, and the members of the Patricia & Phillip Frost Art Museum.

 John S. and James L. Knight Foundation

Art Dealers Association of America Foundation



PNC Bank

Banner Caption: Coconut Grove Art Festival Mural, 1967. History Miami Archives.

In conjunction with the exhibition Place and Purpose: Art Transformation in Coconut Grovethe Patricia & Phillip Frost Art Museum presents an oral history project that was conducted over several months with different members of the Coconut Grove community, as well as a historic map of Coconut Grove created in partnership with FIU's GIS Center. Please visit below to read interviews from Coconut Grove artists, residents, and community leaders and to explore the map.


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